Analysis | German Expedition to Antarctica 1938/39 – Part 2

In the four previous posts of this series, we have established that there’s a reasonable chance that there was – and may still be – a III Reich facility of some kind in Antarctica. Either energy or research related. But WHERE could it be?

BOOK ANALYSIS / “Die Deutsche Antarktische expedition 1938/39 – Volume II: Erster Band | Bilder | Und Kartenteil”, by Alfred Ritscher


In this last post of the series III Reich in Antarctica: The key to unlocking ‘the Future’?, we’re going to formulate a hypothesis as to where the III Reich facility may be. The sort you see in movies and books that could justify a full-fledged expedition by an interested party.

Disclaimer Before you read any further, bear in mind that Antarctica is probably the most dangerous region in the world. So dangerous that even your own sweat can kill you. As you’ve seen, even military expeditions had to retreat in a hurry duo to harsh climate changes – and they went in during the Austral Summer, the supposedly “milder” season. Not to mention that if, in fact, you were to find a III Reich base there, there’s no reason to believe they’d be “friendly”. Quite the contrary. For these and several other reasons, I do not recommend individuals, even with Artic or Antarctic experience, to embark in such an endeavor by themselves. I hereby decline any responsibility in such actions. Proceed at your own risk.

“X” doesn’t mark the spot

Does the “X marks the spot”? Unfortunately, no. But, quoting Indiana Jones, it hardly ever does. Still, you’ll surely notice that this will be a very short post, when compared to previous ones and that is because, well how can I put it? – There’s not a lot to say.


About this book

There’s a few things you should know about this book:

  • This second book (or “volume II”) is actually some sort of “Images and Maps” appendix for the main volume, addressed and analyzed in the second post of this series.
  • It has come to my attention that the US Government might not know of the existence of this “volume II” or appendix.
  • It would be easy to mistake the appendix for the main book as the cover is nearly identical, both with the Schwabenland (the ship) in the background, expect for the footer (Fig. 1 and 1.a. below) Still, this book is a lot slimmer than volume I.

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  • Rainer Daehnhardt bought the two books at an auction, in the 1990s. The auction was for items ceased by the III Reich during WW2, that once belonged to Jewish families, but to which the original owners could not be located. The proceedings from the auction would go to a Jewish organization helping victims from the holocaust.

Additionally, Rainer also told me that:

  1. He had been looking for these books for decades and never expected to find them in such an auction;
  2. Unexpectedly, he had to bid and pay a small fortune to get the two books;
  3. Before shipping the books, the auction house tried to void the sale, saying that the items had vanished and willing to return more money than he had paid – But Rainer insisted, “pulled some strings” and, eventually, finally got them. Why all this trouble? “Speculation time” anyone?

The Azores

The Azores were one of the most important ports of call to the German expedition to Antarctica in 1938 (the main book showed plenty of evidence, although I’m not sure I’ve shown pictures of it as it’s not very relevant. Still …). There’re many stories regarding secret operations in Azores by the III Reich during and after WW2, involving submarines, underwater bases and even German “UFO” sightings – most of these even got published in local newspapers. And then there’s the permanent American base there. “Base das Lajes” it’s called. A story of in-and-out black suits and underwater explosions at sea is popular among the personnel stationed there. Some like to link that event to the demolition of an abandoned III Reich submarine base. A few boats got to approach the blast site and found floating debris, described as very light metal (probably aluminum). Huge chunks of it could be lifted up easily by a single person.

There’s also an odd story about ancient Jewish scrolls found hidden in a beach cave in Azores. This one story is actually true – Rainer got to examine a sample of these scrolls – But how did they get there? The local Jewish community couldn’t explain their existence or why they were hidden in a beach cave.

Speculation time: The “Nazis in Antartica” lore

Those who follow the “Nazis in Antarctica” lore – those who did not need these posts and the evidence they contain to believe in the existence of a III Reich facility in Antarctica – will surely be aware of the rumors that:

  • In November 1944, the III Reich research base in Antarctica severed all bonds with Nazi Germany;
  • The reason why German submarines started “popping up” pretty much everywhere in 1945 was because they were serviced and refueled but denied entrance in Neu-Schwabenland (the German “state” in Antarctica);
  • The reason why part of the German surface fleet and several U-boats never turned up was because there was a confrontation over the latter;
  • The reason Wernher von Braun – the scientist whose research and oversight would put mankind on the moon 24 years later – stayed behind and did not board the submarines headed to Antarctica was because he had broken his arm and would have trouble moving around the submarine and probably wouldn’t survive the trip and/or the cold. And – get this – because he was a “lesser mind” and was not worth the hassle.

To ludicrous to believe, huh? Here are some pictures of Von Braun and part of his rocket team when they turned themselves over to the Americans in Reutte, Austria on 3 May 1945.

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Back to analyzing the book: German Expedition to Antarctica, “volume II” (or the “Images and Maps” appendix from Volume I)

Would you believe if I was to say that you would not need to know a word of German to reasonably formulate a hypothesis where the German base in Antarctica could be? It looks like something out of a movie, right? But it’s the truth.

Answer: what would be your conclusion if:

  • In the only recorded German expedition to Antarctica, that took place in 1939, the same year WW2 started
  • Where the German claimed an area of more than 250,000 km2 which they named Neu-Schwabenland
  • In the “Images and Maps” appendix of the expedition logs …
  • There was a recurring region that kept coming up, in the form of maps and pictures? (Fig. 3 to 7)

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It’s called the Wohlthat Massiv, about 80 miles inland.



Do you want to know what it looks like, if you were standing right next to it? Here it is:

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What if …

  • Disappointed at the reality of the “future”—the 21st century is nothing like classic sci-fi writers had foreseen—and fed up with the world around him, someone decides to go there?
  • Against all odds, he finds a forgotten Jewish community composed of elite, scientific thinkers?
  • Knowing that a handful of the so-called “lesser minds” in the German III Reich were responsible for putting us on the moon, what awe-inspiring wonders could be accomplished with most of its “greatest minds”?

What do you think would happen?

Something wonderful,

 Future Man.

Capa livro para blog

_ About the information in Future Man_

What you’ve seen in this 5-post series is evidence based in documents that have been, at some point, declassified. You probably noticed the wooden floor over which these pictures were taken. It’s the floor of an embassy’s library. There were many other documents, to which I wasn’t aloud to take pictures – for my own safety – but from which, at the time, I took extensive notes. Namely interviews to captured German Scientists and reports about their lives during the 40s, up until the 70s. Surprisingly enough, some of them are Jewish or half-Jewish (mostly), revealing the technology being developed at the time. “Where there’s smoke, there’s fire”. Let’s leave it at that.

In a few weeks, an “extra” post will come out for this series. It will show, beyond the shadow of doubt, the kind of tech research the “brightest minds” of the III Reich were up to – no speculation – an actual myth-shattering document.

Since most of this information remains classified to this day, although romanticized in Future Man, there’s truth behind every claim, behind every aspect of their technology.

After reviewing the existing material extensively, I strongly believe that whatever is left in Antarctica is not a “Nazi base” but rather a scientific research facility. When you check the origins of those who might be involved, it’s very easy to reach the conclusion – or, at least, formulate an hypothesis – that its members (today) would be Jewish and half-Jewish scientists, engineers, mathematicians, physicists, astronomers ... and their families.

Future Man is what I expected to find there, what I hoped to find, had I gone to Antarctica in the late 1990s/early 2000s – an idea I entertained for at least 5 years, before getting married. Although slightly better than winning the lottery, the odds of actually finding anything would be slim and, let’s face it: it’s a one way ticket.

But “history” only accounts for about a quarter of Future Man. This novel is about a man’s struggle, Vincent De Marcos, in bringing the “Future” – as it was once envisioned by 20th century classic sci-fi authors – to fruition. A future, he believes, where everybody would have a chance at a different kind of life.

Are you ready for Future Man?


Hardcover, softcover and e-book editions of Future Man are available in Amazon | Apple iBooks | Google | Barnes & Noble | Ingram | Baker & Taylor | Bowker | Kobo | Scribd

Amazon / Hardcover edition

Amazon / Softcover and Kindle editions


Previous posts on the subject:

Thank you.

Bruno De Marques

#thefutureneedsyou #futureman

Full gallery:

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Analysis | Operation Argus, nuclear weapons tests 1958

REPORT ANALYSIS / “Operation Argus” – US atmospheric nuclear weapons tests, 1958. Nuclear test personnel review, 1982” by the Defense Nuclear Agency as Executive Agency for the Department of Defense.


The reason why Operation Argus is under discussion here is due to the hypothesis we’ve been persuing that:

  • There was some sort of facility from the III Reich left in Antarctica after WW2
  • Operation Highjump was launched by the US to investigate that claim
  • There was a confrontation with an unknown force during operation Highjump and, possibly, during follow-up operations in the region

Also that Operation Argus here – allegedly, a series of US atmospheric nuclear weapons tests, in 1958 – was the best way the allies could find to neutralize such a threat from a distance, in a swiftly and decisively fashion.

More information on this in previous posts (links on the bottom). All the documents and figures are gathered in the bottom, along with aditional pages

Here, today, we’re going to check out a classified “Operation Argus” report and take a brief look at the treaty that would regulate nuclear tests in Antarctica.

Operation Argus


Argus was a series of United States nuclear weapons tests and missile tests secretly conducted during August and September 1958 over the South Atlantic Ocean. It consisted of three very high altitude test shots – three modified X-17A missiles armed with 1.7 kt W-25 nuclear warheads (below) to investigate the effects of nuclear explosions outside the atmosphere (bursts between 120 and 300 miles).


In particular, how the charged particles and radioactive isotopes released would interact with the Earth’s magnetic field, which could potentially interfere with radar tracking, communications, and the electronics of satellites and ballistic missiles (Fig. 6.b. e 6.c.)

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Interesting facts in Operation Argus

  • It was (again) “the greatest scientific experiment ever conducted” Fig. 6.b. (above – a direct quote from the New York Times). Organization diagram (Fig. 7.l. – bottom). 9 ships and 4,500 men (Fig. 2.b., 7.i. e 7.j. – bottom):

– Aircraft carrier USS Tarawa (CV-40)

– Destroyer USS Bearss (DD-654)

USS Bearss (DD-654) underway c1957.jpg

– Destroyer USS Warrington (DD-843)


– Destroyer USS Courtney (DE-1021)

– Destroyer USS Hammerberg (DE-1015)

– Tanker/oiler USS Neosho (AO-143)

– Tanker/oiler USS Salamonie (AO-26)

Guided missile ship USS Norton Sound (AVM-1) – below

– Seaplane-tender USS Albemarle (AV-5)


  • Operation Argus was the only clandestine test series in the 17-year history of atmospheric testing (Fig. 6.a.)


  • Between 1945 and 1962, Operation Argus was the only atmospheric nuclear weapon test in the South Atlantic (Fig.2.a.). There were 235 tests during this period.


  • The first shipboard launch of ballistic missile with a nuclear warhead (Fig. 6.a. and 14)


  • 3 missiles with nuclear warheads were launched (2.b.) plus another 4 with telemetry heads (fig. 7.l.)



  • Approved by US president Dwight D. Eisenhower (Fig. 7.a.), the operation and tests were suggested by Nicholas Christofilos (6.b.), an American raised in Greece, a former elevator repairman in WW2 who studied physics in his spare time (source: Wikipedia and other specialized sites – not this report)


  • Although “expected (nuclear) fallout was not a consideration for the high burst altitudes“ (Fig. 7.r.), Task Force 88”, created specifically for this operation showed higher-than-normal number of leukemia claims (Fig.2.a.), more than the troops who had been exposed – within 6 miles – of low yield nuclear bombs on the ground.




So, basically, what this report’s saying is that:

  • US president Dwight D. Eisenhower has approved Argus, a huge operation apparently meant (almost) exclusively to test the theories of a former elevator repairman who studied physics in his spare time
  • In 235 tests between 1945 and 1962, Argus was the only one to take place in the South Atlantic and the only to be kept secret in 17 years
  • An “atmospheric experiment” that involved an unparalleled combination of means at the time (9 ships and 4,500 men) and involved the first shipboard launch of ballistic missile with a nuclear warhead
  • The missiles were detonated between 120 and 300 miles up in the air (actually, in space) – still, military personal on the ships developed the same illness, leukemia, as soldiers that were only within 6 miles of low yield nuclear bomb testing on the ground did.

That makes a lot of sense.

According to the charts (Fig. 7.p. and 9.), the operation took place between 1,400 and 2,200 miles north of the Dronning Maud Land coast – the German III Reich territory in Antarctica – and involved shooting nuclear ballistic missiles “straight up” and, apparently, for rather murky reasons. The Mach-13-capable missiles could easily make the distance. And, accepting the official scenario, people aboard getting contaminated by nuclear fallout is utterly inexplicable. Unless Task Force 88 was much closer than they care to admit.


But okay. Let’s move on.


BRIEF TREATY ANALYSIS / “The Antarctic Treaty” – Signed at Washington December 1, 1959

In December 1st, 1959, the Antarctic Treaty was signed in Washington by the twelve countries. It entered into force in 1961 (Fig. 11 – below).

Article 1 of the Antarctic Treaty reads “Antarctica shall be used for peaceful purposes only. There shall be prohibited, inter alia, any measures of a military nature, such as the establishment of military bases and fortifications, the carrying out of military maneuvers, as well as the testing of any type of weapons.”

By “weapons”, it means “nuclear weapons”. This is a fact and, therefore, not under discussion here.


This is funny. Let me ask you a question:

Do you think that there would be a law preventing, say, whale hunting in the South Atlantic, if no one had never hunted whales in that region? Or that metal-detectors would’ve been installed in airports (and schools) if there was never some kind of incident that would legitimate such measures, such laws? I don’t know about you but I’ve never seen it happen. Not once.

Well, this is what’s happening here: The Antarctic Treaty’s first order of business is forbidding something THAT NEVER HAPPENED. “There have never been any nuclear tests conducted over or near the Antarctica”, says a letter from the British Antarctic Survey, confirming this fact (Fig. 13 – below).


Why would the Treaty mention something specifically, when it never happened? Not even once? That’s easy: BECAUSE IT HAPPENED. I would add that it didn’t happen only once or twice. To be the nº1 topic of a Treaty, it happened often. So often, in fact, that got everyone worried. That’s when laws and treaties emerge. The Antartic Treaty basicaly and euphemistically says “No more nuclear tests in Antarctica.”

Can you guess which are the only nuclear weapons tests that have been acknowledged by a nation in the region? You’ve guessed it! Operation Argus, by the US. But how can that be? Operation Argus didn’t take place in Antarctica. It involved shooting nuclear ballistic missiles “straight up” into space, in the South Atlantic, 1.400 miles away from the alleged III Reich base location. The fact the people aboard the ships developed nuclear fallout illnesses is, apparently, irrelevant.

Speculating time

There are several intriguing facts about Argus. It should be pretty obvious by now that there’s a chance that this operation’s goal was to bomb the region where, supposedly, a III-Reich facility existed. A last resort measure when conventional military approaches had failed in the past, like operation Highjump. The fact that military personnel from Task Force 88 developed  nuclear-burst-close-proximity illnesses, could be an indication that they weren’t exactly where the report says they were. One can only speculate that these people could be on the ground, waiting for the nuclear bursts, to then verify that the target had been destroyed.

The letters

As part of his research, Rainer Daehnhardt sent letters to both the US and British Governments, asking about nuclears tests in the Antarctica or its vicinity. While the US government’s answer to his letter (Fig. 12) would be “Operation Argus”, the British government forward Rainer’s request to the British Antarctic Survey, that categorically denied nuclear tests in the region or its vicinity (Fig. 13).

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This is interesting, not only because of this discrepancy, but also because of the apparent need to not disclose information regarding this issue. As mentioned in my previous Cover Up post, this could mean that there’re ongoing operations in the same context or in the same theatre and disclosing information about past operations – even as old as this one – at this time, might compromise them in some way.

This could mean the “Allies” are still looking for them. To this day.


Coming next

10-Sep: “The ‘X’ never marks the spot.”

  • Die Deutsche Antarktische expedition 1938/39 – Volume II: Erster Band | Bilder | Und Kartenteil”, by Alfred Ritscher. Book analysis, relevant pages and contextualization.
  • Final conclusions

Previous posts on the subject:

Thank you.

Bruno De Marques

#thefutureneedsyou #futureman “Future Man” You guys ready for something different?

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Analysis | Operation Highjump 1946/47

REPORT ANALYSIS / “Operation Highjump – U.S. Navy Antarctic Development Project 1947”, by the US Navy. 1947, Washington DC.


“Operation Highjump” (1947) could be described as Titanic-meets-Roswell in terms of naval operations. A very public initiative with a nearly-obvious hidden agenda that supposedly ended in disaster but, officially, only a few deaths were reported (Fig. 4.g. point 12). It’s no exaggeration to say that Highhjump is, singlehandedly, responsible for the “Nazi UFO” craze that has been going around and here, today, we’re going to try to shed some light on the subject.

All the documents and figures are gathered in the bottom, along with details of some of the charts

You see, these are the actual five volumes of Operation Highjump’s confidential report and we’re going to dive into them in search for clues about what really happened.



This first issue I‘ll be addressing is context. The skeptics see Operation Highjump in the context of the Cold War. Still, it was authorized on 26 August 1946 by Admiral Chester Nimitz, only a year after WW2 ended. As for the beginning of the Cold War, the most conservative estimates claim it’d only start two years later. The Cold War “hadn’t happened yet.”

But what could be perhaps the defining evidence of this is the date in which the confidential report presented here was declassified: July 1952 (Fig. 2.a. – below). If this operation had anything to do, even remotely, with the Cold War, it doesn’t make sense it would be declassified in the middle of it (here’s something you can only verify in the presence of the original documents). If anything, the declassification date only proves that the context was, almost certainly, somehow related with the end of WW2.


 Operation Highjump

It all points in the way that the US have somehow learned of the exploits of the III Reich in Antarctica. They suspected something could be going on “down” there. Probably from publications like the one we’ve analyzed in a previous post from this series: “Die Deutsche Antarktische expedition 1938/39 – Erster Band.” – But that wouldn’t be enough to justify what happened next. That wouldn’t be enough to justify Operation Highjump. If I had to guess, or speculate, I’d say something must have surfaced in post-war prisoner interrogations. And not just one or any prisoner. I would say several, medium to high-rank and subject to counter interrogation.

“Are you “ground–speculating, like you did in your last post?”, “Why do you believe it was so?” You may ask.

Well, because in late 1946, the U.S. “decides” to launch Operation Highjump, the largest ever “expedition” to Antarctica.

An “expedition” that comprised of:

  • One aircraft carrier (USS Philippine Sea)
  • Two destroyers, the (USS Brownson and the USS Henderson);
  • A submarine (USS Sennet)
  • And several support vessels, ice-breakers, and tankers.

Over 4700 officers and 33 aircraft, on 13 ships (Fig. 4.d., 4.e. and 4.f. – below).

That’s why.

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Does this look like an “expedition” to you? It was a full-fledged US Naval operation that took place in the southern summer of 1946–1947 under the command of Rear-Admiral Richard H. Cruzen, with Rear-Admiral Byrd acting as Officer-in-Charge of the Project (Fig.: 2.d. – below)


Its official objectives were:

(a) training personnel and testing equipment in frigid conditions;

(b) consolidating and extending United States sovereignty over the largest practicable area of the Antarctic continent (this was publicly denied as a goal even before the expedition ended);

(c) determining the feasibility of establishing, maintaining and utilizing bases in the Antarctic and investigating possible base sites;

(d) developing techniques for establishing, maintaining and utilizing air bases on ice, with particular attention to later applicability of such techniques to operations in interior Greenland, where conditions are comparable to those in the Antarctic;

(e) amplifying existing stores of knowledge of hydrographic, geographic, geological meteorological and electro-magnetic propagation conditions in the area;

(f) supplementary objectives of the Nanook expedition. (The Nanook operation was a smaller equivalent conducted off eastern Greenland.)

Byrd also said, in an interview (it’s on YouTube), they were looking for natural energy resources and mentioned coal as an example.

By the way, about objective (a): to justify an operation or an incident by claiming it was a “training exercise” is almost a joke these days. Even movies play with it (example: Iron Man) Of course, in 1946, people would not question it, I believe.

So, although it’s mentioned nearly everywhere that it was an “expedition”, those goals are definitely military. A “military expedition” then. Let’s consider that these are, in fact, the initiative’s goals. Does it seem necessary to you to send a force of nearly 5,000 men to attain such goals? We’re talking about sending a lot of people to possibly the most inhospitable place on Earth, in order to “train personnel and testing equipment in frigid conditions”. Wouldn’t 500 be enough? Isn’t 5,000 excessive? What about sending all those vessels of war? Does this make sense to you? Probably not.

As you’ll see further down, neither did it make sense to the US Navy base commanders interviewed by Rainer in the 1990s.

Let’s try to come up with a comparable situation. Say, the exploration of Mars. I’d say that, at some point in the future, there’ll probably be the need to carry out a similar operation, with very similar goals. Surely we’ll have equipment now that they didn’t have in 1946 but would it – ever – be necessary to take 5,000 men to Mars to achieve those goals? I don’t think so.

Unless, of course, they were expecting some sort of opposition.

A very public secret operation

The operation’s objectives were widely publicized at the time. There were 11 journalists aboard the Highjump ships. But the fact is:

  • If so, why would the operation reports be classified?
  • As I’ve shown in a previous post dedicated to the concept of “cover ups, due to the “Needle Eye” of this operation, it wouldn’t be very hard to hide a military operation from these reporters. If there was ever a confrontation against some other military force, it could have happened a long way from the ships where the reporters were staying at that particular time.
  • There isn’t even one picture showing two of the four war vessels together, meaning they could have split on arrival. Actually, the logs and the charts place the ships far apart (Fig. 4.d., 4.e. and 4.f. – shown above) and (4.l.1, 2 and 3 – below).

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Interesting facts in Operation Highjump’s confidential report:

  • In all five books, there isn’t a single picture conveying the grandeur of an operation involving almost 5,000 men. Not even 500 men. Or 50 men. The only “group picture” present is from the Army Observer’s report (Fig. 2.c.1 and 2.c.2 – below).


  • In all five books, the only picture I could find of military equipment was Fig. 2.l., showing an army jeep nearly buried in the snow.


  • In all five books, there’s not a single picture of the “USS Philippine Sea” aircraft carrier mentioned in the logs (Fig. 4.f.) or from the two destroyers, except perhaps in the page that comes after Volume 1’s cover (Fig. 4.b., further below / bottom). The report only shows the USS Sennet (the submarine) in Fig. 4.j.1 and 4.j.2, below.

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  • The 5 books are filled – emphasis on the word “filled”… – with weather charts, the explanation of several scientific experiments and pictures of little or no interest.

It seems obvious that there were severe restrictions to the pictures taken during this operation. Considering this is an official US Navy – Confidential – report, it’s rather odd that it would not show more pictures from military activities – unless these went somewhere else other than the official operation report.


  • Taking a closer look at Fig. 4.h., point 15 on the page (below), it says and I quote “Strictly speaking, this was not a cold weather operation for severe temperatures were not encountered.” Obviously, since the operation was conducted during Austral Summer. That never made a lot of sense – now even less – what sort of “(a) training personnel and testing equipment in frigid conditions” – (quoting the operation’s primary objective) would that accomplish?


In Fig. 3.f. and 3.g. (below) the much fabled “Warm Lakes” are officially mentioned. Yes! This fact is interesting because it has long been denied. It also proves that there’s seismic activity in the Antarctica and, with it, the possibility of existing caves, tunnels and crevasses.

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It’s also interesting to see in the flight charts how the German territory seems to be deliberately avoided (Fig. 2.f.1 and 2.f.2).

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Another rather intriguing fact is that one of the activities undertaken was “Underwater demolitions.” (Fig. 3.h.1 and 3.h.2 – below) Frankly, it’s hard to think what this could be without “submarine base” immediately popping into one’s mind. One possible explanation would be blowing up the ice so the convoy could advance. But then why is it rated as “Classified” when almost everything else is rated “Restriced”? Cambridge’s dictionary first definition for “demolition” is “to ​completely ​destroy a ​building, ​especially in ​order to use the ​land for something ​else.” Other dictionaries define it simply as “The act or process of wrecking or destroying something.” As I said, very intriguing.

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The footnote on Fig. 3.h.2 (above) is quite clear as to the confidentially of this report.

Alternative motives

One of the secret goals of this operation – not so secret because Admiral Byrd revealed it in a TV interview (it’s on YouTube) – that it’s not mentioned in this confidential report is that they were also looking for natural energy resources. Byrd mentioned coal as an example. Today, we all know that every time there’s an US offensive oversees, natural energy resources are involved – the most popular being oil. But, in 1946, this wasn’t so obvious and so it was probably meant to be kept under wraps.

In our last post from this series, we considered the possibility that the German could have gone there in 1939 after the same thing – coal – and, if there was ever a III Reich base, It’d have probably been to mine and transform coal into oil (due to the lack of natural resources in German territories and the extraordinary needs related with the then upcoming world war)

If the US reached this conclusion on their own or got the idea from German books or war prisoner’s depositions, it remains to be known. But it seems now they were seriously considering that someone might have gotten there first. In 1946, that could only be III Reich Germany. Or a remnant of it.

Expecting opposition

So, all those vessels of war, including an aircraft carrier … for what? As you recall, in all 5 volumes of classified information, not once did I find a picture of any of the military vessels, except the submarine (Fig. 4.j.1 and 4.j.2 (above) – Not even in fig. 4.b. (below), I believe.


So I went to Wikipedia and pasted some pictures here, so that you’d have a better notion of what we’re talking about:

The USS Philippine Sea (CV-47) (below), launched September 1945. The US Navy sent one of their most sophisticated, brand-new, aircraft carriers, to an “inferno” of ice, for those goals?

porta avioeus

Avious porta

The USS Brownson (DD-868), launched July 1945. Again, the US Navy sent one of their most sophisticated, brand-new, destroyers (below).


The USS Henderson (DD-785), yet another Gearing-class destroyer, launched May 1945 (below).


Below is an interesting picture, of the Henderson (DD-785) – also pictured above – and the aircraft carrier USS Leyte (CV-32) being refueled off Korea between October 1950 and January 1951. The reason I’m including this picture is because very similar refueling operations occurred during Operation Highjump, involving destroyers, tankers and an aircraft carrier. Sometimes words fail to convey the magnitude of this operation.

Porta avious abastecendo

Let’s stop for a moment. So the US Navy assigned a brand-new aircraft carrier, two brand-new destroyers and a submarine to operation Highjump. But WW2 was over and the Cold War would only start to slowly gain momentum two years (or more) in the future. So what exactly was the US Navy expecting to find in Antarctica? Weaponized penguins? Even so, by whom? Or investigating the existence of a relic from WW2 – a German base or outpost of some sort – that, existing, needed to be dealt with swiftly and decisively?

Plant / Factory defenses

When the allies started bombing German plants and factories more intensively (1942), anti-aircraft defenses and improvised airfields begun to be built in their vicinity. One of the most interesting airplanes to participate was the Me163 Komet (pictured below). It remains the only rocket-propelled aircraft to have ever seen regular air force service. With an engine roughly the size of a sewing machine, developing 2,000 bhp, it would reach the end of the runway already at over 400 mph.

It was a dangerous airplane, but more so to its pilots than to the Allied bombers it was meant to intercept.

me163 pic 1 me 163 pic 2

This to say that the German took critical plant / factory defense very seriously and the US Army/Navy knew that very well. So, in my opinion, that was the reason why operation Highjump involved some of the most sophisticated means the Navy had at the time. The fact that they assigned two destroyers and not some other sort of vessel – and some of the most advanced they had – could also mean they were expecting U-boats (German submarines) or, in the very least, went prepared for them. It’s a known fact that several U-boats went missing after the war ended and, in 1946, several were still unaccounted for.


The naval means used in Operation Highjump, be the vessels or personnel, when considered against its goals, don’t seem to add up. It’s not hard to substantiate (at least) the hypothesis that the US went there to investigate on “something” and that they were clearly expecting some sort of military-grade opposition. When placed against the backdrop of WW2 ending the year before, it’s highly likely it would have been related to the III Reich.

In my opinion, they were looking for some sort of facility, exploiting local natural energy resources, and planned to cease it by force, if necessary. Of course, there was a huge chance they wouldn’t find anything. If they did, they’d probably announce it in bold letters. But, according to this report, nothing out of the ordinary happened except that they had to leave early, due to the worsening of the weather conditions.

If it wasn’t for an interview Admiral Byrd gave to the famous reporter Lee Van Atta (below), we could have left it at that. But this interview would change everything.



NEWSPAPER ARTICLE ANALYSIS / Admiral Byrd’s interview by Lee Van Atta (one of the US reporters on Highjump), ublished in “El Mercurio” (Santiago, Chile), March 5, 1947.


Admiral Byrd’s interview to “distinguished US war correspondent” Lee Van Atta singlehandedly started the “Nazi UFO craze.” Mainly – and here I completely agree with the skeptics, I’m afraid – because it was mistranslated over-and-over again. That said, it doesn’t rule out entirely most of the intriguing facts we’d expect to find in it. Only, unfortunately, it’s not as explicit as we’d expect it to be.

Below you will find the original article so you may read it and form your own conclusions.

el mercurio 27-8

These were Admiral Byrd’s words, nearly “ipsis verbis” (to the letter) and the text itself was never put in question.

Keeping in mind that:

  • The context here is the end of WW2
  • Operation Highjump would only be declassified in 1952

In my opinion, it’s apparent a certain tone, a tense one, from a man torn between maintaining secrecy over what he had seen and the urgent need to warn the American people. But maybe it’s just my imagination. You’ll be the judge of that. You’ve all you need here to make your own mind on this.

March 1947. The article opens with the following statement “Admiral Richard E. Byrd warned today that the United States should adopt measures of protection against the possibility of an invasion of the country by hostile planes coming from the Polar Regions.”

Yes, you’ve read right: an invasion. Believe it.

He continues: “The Admiral explained that he was not trying to scare anyone, but the cruel reality is that in case of a new war, the United States could be attacked by planes flying over one or both poles.”

This section was often misinterpreted as “flying objects that could fly from pole to pole at incredible speeds.” Not true, I’m afraid. But, that said and considering that the technology for that in absolute didn’t exist at the time, I wonder where he got the idea.

A few paragraphs down, it reads “Byrd said that the most important result of his observations and discoveries is the potential effect that they have in relation to the security of the United States.”

Now, is it just me or the operation’s “confidential” report we’ve just analysed – the most important document regarding the “expedition” – mentioned nothing of the sort?

It’s 1947. The war was over. The Soviets were our friends.

Note: Even if the Soviets weren’t “our friends” – which they were in March 1947 -, attacking the US from Antarctica would mean (almost) taking the longest possible route and the US would probably see them coming from a 1,000 miles away (literally). I’m not a geography expert but I suppose they’d still need to fly over South America. The North Pole would probably be the best option for a Soviet attack but, if so, what is Admiral Byrd and the US Navy doing on the opposite side of the globe? Good thing the Cold War has nothing to do with this because that wouldn’t make any sense anyway.

“The fantastic speed with which the world is shrinking – recalled the Admiral – is one of the most important lessons learned during his recent Antarctic exploration. I have to warn my compatriots that the time has ended when we were able to take refuge in our isolation and rely on the certainty that the distances, the oceans, and the poles were a guarantee of safety.”

There’s room here to believe he could actually be referring to (very) fast aircraft. But, again, why is nothing of this in the official classified report? Come to think of it, why would it? It’s got nothing to do with the objectives set in it.

Further down in the article, there’re other interesting – tense – quotes that go more-or-less like this “We must broaden our horizons”; “evolution and progress seem to know no limits“ and “The survival of the world depends on keeping up with progress.

I don’t know what your opinion is after reading this but I can tell you mine: it seems operation Highjump was far more interesting than “the books” show. This was also Rainer Daehnhardt’s opinion.

Rainer’s investigation

As I’ve mentioned in the first post of this series the credit for this work should go to historical researcher Rainer Daehnhardt and the documentation he gathered in 30 years of research – that I’m posting here and in the other posts from this series – that culminated with the recognition of his efforts by Cambridge, considering him one of the top scientists of 2005. My contribution is merely expanding on his findings, with knowledge I’ve acquired over the years

This is me with historical researcher Rainer Daehnhardt (below). I took this pic after asking him to do a final check on Future Man novel’s historical information (I’m sorry about the rather scruffy/informal look).

rainer and I

So what Rainer did was he traveled to the US, still in the 1990s, with two goals:

  • Interview relevant US Navy base commanders
  • Attempt to find and interview members of the expedition. “Witnesses” that would provide their testimony on what happened

 By this, Rainer hoped to ascertain what really happened or, at least, get some closer-to-the-truth version of the story. At the time, all he had were these documents and a strong suspicion that something was off.

Rainer has several connections in the US, namely with the military. The documentation presented here and in previous/future posts, owned by him, shows just that.

In the first interview on his list and after inquiring him on what he knew about Operation Highjump, the Navy base commander answered “Oh! You mean the penguin war!” This was where he first heard the expression “Pinguin War”. It’s likely that, up until the 1990s, such expression had never been heard outside US Navy circles. You see, “Pinguin War” was not something UFO theorists come up with. It was a joke going around, meaning that not even A-clearance Navy personnel understood why the Navy, in 1946, sent all those vessels to Antarctica – an aircraft carrier, two destroyers, a submarine … a total of 13 ships – to a place known to be inhabited exclusively by penguins. In 1946, there was nothing else there. But what intrigued Rainer the most was the fact that the expression included the term “War” in it and that wasn’t in the books.

After interviewing other Navy base commanders and cross-referencing the information they told him, these were his findings – be advised that none of these Navy base commanders witnessed these events in person and what you’re going to read next may not be a truthful account of the facts – and some exaggeration would be expected. Other than that, this is what most of them confirmed, informally:

  • Although the official documentation doesn’t show it, there was indeed a confrontation against an unknown force that led to the death of 1,600 men – that’s why they called it a “War.” Around 130 people survived
  • The conflict lasted approximately 2 days and hostilities occurred mostly during the night
  • The use of advanced weaponry by the opposing force, namely extremely fast aircraft was confirmed. If they were flying saucers or not could not be confirmed. It was said the soldiers could not make out their shape
  • Also confirmed was the use of technologies that would be described as “force fields, holograms, anti-gravity and rays of light, the latter often black and therefore completely invisible at night
  • The location was not disclosed. It was never confirmed that the opposing forces were “Germans from the III Reich.”

This is not speculating but, since there’s no hard evidence to support it, it’s really your choice to believe it or not.

Rainer proceeded to try to find and interview members of the expedition, “Witnesses” that would provide their testimony on what happened. He visited several veteran homes but he couldn’t find anyone. After a while, he stopped looking for actual “survivors” from Operation Highjump and began to look for people in the veteran homes who might have befriended them and could know where they were.

The result of these interviews is quite disturbing and I must say I’m somewhat reluctant in disclosing them. Additionally, I found evidence of the contrary on the web but, then again, it could be misinformation.

Anyway, here it goes: the war veterans Rainer interviewed told him that military survivors of Operation Highjump – those allegedly involved in the “Pinguin War” – where assigned to Operations “Buster–Jangle”/“Desert Rock” (1951) in Nevada and therefore, again allegedly, never made it to the 1990s. The purpose of these exercises was to gain experience in operations conducted in a nuclear combat environment. That meant exposing troops to low yield nuclear bombs.

desert rock

And, believe it or not, “that was that”.

Speculating time

If you trust this information – in full or in part – you should continue reading.

Was this “advanced opposing force” just defending some III Reich military factory (if it was from the III Reich in the first place) or were these vehicles coming from some III Reich advanced research center in Antarctica? In my opinion and even if only some of this is true, here’s what could have happened:

The Germans of the III Reich set up a coal mining/transforming facility in Antarctica in, say, 1940/41. In 1942, the bombings by the allies against German factories – in Germany – started becoming more-and-more intense. You see, the greatest danger to any military compound in times of war is being bombed from above. Actually, still today, I believe it’s the only way to permanently neutralize it.

So say that the Germans took to Antarctica. They had geothermal energy, warm lakes, caves and tunnels – because, after all, there’s seismic activity in the region. It’d never be the perfect place to work for them but it was safe from allied bombings. And that would mean a lot to scientists, physicists and mathematicians, I suppose. With the bombings in Germany starting to become more frequent during 1942 – and using German pragmatism to do the talking for me: “Why not move some of the most critical facilities to a place that would never be bombed? (Either because of the harsh weather conditions or because they’d be located deep underground) Why not move their best people? Even if it means dealing with harsh weather conditions most of the year? After all, it’s only temporary until Germany wins the war.”

Only it wasn’t. And there they remained.

Of course, these would be scientists – the best, allegedly – so they wouldn’t just “play cards”, waiting to be rescued. They’d improve their living conditions and, well, defend themselves if necessary.

That would make a great novel, don’t you think? I thought so too.

It’s called Future Man and it’s coming October 15th.

What to do?

There were other secret operations in Antarctica with reports similar to these. There’s no records if there was another confrontation with a “superior force”. It’s likely that there were. But, believing all these stories, it would mean the US – and its allies – had a “problem” in Antarctica. A problem that was both out of place and out of its time. A problem that had to be dealt swiftly and decisively. So:

  • You need to take care of “something” nobody knows exists (or would have trouble believing its existence)
  • “Something” that, according to Byrd’s interview, unequivocally represents a clear and present danger to the US and all allied forces
  • Its location: a place nobody ever visits. Totally out of reach from prying eyes.
  • Nobody would ever know.

It’s the 1950s. What sort of weapon would you use? Exactly.

Coming next

3-Sep: Operation Argos, by the Defense Nuclear Agency

  • “Operation Argos 1958. US atmospheric nuclear weapons tests. Nuclear test personnel review” by the Defense Nuclear Agency as Executive Agency for the Department of Defense. Brief document analysis, relevant pages and contextualization.
  • “The Antarctic Treaty”, Signed at Washington December 1, 1959. Brief document analysis, relevant pages and contextualization.

Previous posts on the subject:

Thank you.

Bruno De Marques

#thefutureneedsyou #futureman “Future Man” You guys ready for something different?


Analysis | Cover Ups, concepts and misconceptions

To begin, my reasons for writing these few lines:

  1. Since the next posts should be about Operation Highjump (1940s) and Operation Argus (1950s), two secret initiatives led by the US Navy – considered by most as “textbook” cover ups – I feel it’s important to create a common understanding on the matter;
  2. I have had the opportunity to study a significant amount of information about popular yet controversial subjects – actual documents that were once classified or restricted at the highest level – I feel I might have something to add to the discussion.

“Cover up” meaning, by the Merriam Webster Dictionary: an action or a way of behaving that is meant to prevent people from knowing about something.

Perhaps the first thing I should say is that “cover ups” by the ruling classes have existed for thousands of years. I believe the term became more relevant with the advent of modern Media and, with it, how easy it became to expose information that was once relatively easy to conceal.

There are thousands of recorded cover ups that, eventually, became of public knowledge. An example? Operation “Buster”: a 21 kiloton nuclear test conducted at the Nevada Test Site in November 1951. It was the first US nuclear field exercise conducted on land. Troops shown are a mere six miles from the blast. As it started to become obvious that the illnesses that the soldiers started  suffering from (namely leukemia, lymphoma and thyroid cancer) derived from these experiments, a cover up was set in motion.

Nuclear blast

More recently, Edward Snowden, a former intelligence contractor has leaked the very first documentation that proves the existence of clandestine black budget operations (or “Black Ops”): programs that are extremely classified dealing with technology, information and more. (link below).

Some operations cannot afford to be as secretive as “Black Ops”, due to the visibility of the means used (people, vehicles or vessels), such as in operation Highjump, the subject of the next post from the series “III Reich in Antarctica: the key to unlocking the Future?” For these, there must be a public agenda and, additionally, a not so public one.

The “simplest explanation” mistake

“Sceptics” like to point out that they use scientific methods when approaching controversial subjects, such as cover ups theories, often quoting Carl Sagan or even Occam ’s razor: “where there are competing hypotheses to explain the same facts, use the simplest.”

Although this might be true for science and most occurrences in nature, where things tend to have a “mathematical” explanation, it’s not so when analyzing cover ups. In fact, those in charge of planning cover ups are counting on such analysis. I believe that is one of their primary concerns: coming up with a simple and logical explanation for what happened to “feed” the general public. And the sceptics eat it like champs.


The second strategy that appears to be connected with weaving a cover up is quickly making the subject ridiculous by creating what came to be known as misinformation:

Definition of misinformation, by Oxford Dictionaries: “False or inaccurate information, especially that which is deliberately intended to deceive: nuclear matters are often entangled in a web of secrecy and misinformation”

Funny that Oxford uses nuclear matters as an example. You’ll get front row seats for these in the fourth post from the series “III Reich in Antarctica: the key to unlocking the Future?”, when we get to Operation Argus.”

Advantages of “simplest explanation” and misinformation strategies

Let’s take UFO sightings as an example. I’m deliberately not taking sides here since this is not the subject of this study. Let’s consider, for a moment, that there was evidence – say, by the government – that several sightings in some small town could actually not be a hoax. The information is spreading rapidly and someone has to put a stop to it.

Step one: create and communicate logical explanations for each of the sittings, especially the most public ones, be it a naturally-occurring ball of fire or a weather-balloon experiment.

Step 2: create misinformation, like silly news, silly videos, with cheap effects so that, soon, the whole idea gets a “ludicrous” aura around it. Not only people will stop talking about it but also, if someone else experiments a “UFO siting”, he/she will think twice before going public with it.

It may come as a shock to you (or probably not) that governments actually like conspiracy theories and have often created them out of nothing. This goes back to emperors and kings. You see, it’s an historical fact that keeping people’s minds busy distracts them from thinking about more serious down-to-earth matters, like hunger, unemployment or even supporting an uprising, a “Coup d’etat” … basically any social issue could serve as an example here. If kept under control by the ruling class, it’s the textbook example of turning a liability into an asset.


If we exclude selfish/corrupt reasons and stay with the “greater good” ones, those would be:

  • To avoid a sudden change in the “Status Quo” of things or, in English, a sudden change in “the existing state of affairs, particularly with regards to social or political issues.” As an example, consider UFOs and aliens civilizations. If people were to find out, from one moment to another, that aliens actually existed, say, by way of a government announcement, they would wake up the next day with questions not even religion might be able to answer (and that would be a first). If anything, Religion calms people down and makes us all think twice before doing something reckless (or so it should). Without that, who knows what’s going to happen? “The worst parts of the bible?”
  • Not to jeopardize ongoing operations. There’re other ongoing operations in the same context or in the same theatre and disclosing information about previous operations, at this time, might compromise them in some way. Even if these took place back in the 1940s.

A cover up may also mean not disclosing what actually happened. Or not declassifying certain documents when they should’ve long been declassified.

Levels of Secrecy

The next issue I’d like to address is that there are several levels of secrecy regarding government/military operations. You probably guessed as much and you were right. By this I don’t mean just “Restricted” and “Classified” documents. I mean there are actually two (or more) sets of documents, for operations with a black agenda:

  • There’s a classified/restricted report, available to A-Clearance personnel
  • There’s an eyes-only document available only to the chain of command directly involved in the “black/hidden agenda” – according to Snowden, not even the Commander-in-Chief (the U.S. President) has information about the true nature of these agendas (check aforementioned link)

If you think about it, had to be this way. Say, operation Highjump by the US Navy or the Roswell UFO incident: these operations had to have an official “classified” report available to A-Clearance personnel but, then, they had to have an actual eyes-only report on what really happened.

Let’s not forget that when we talk “A-Clearance personnel”, we are talking about hundreds of people that would have had access to the information and that simply wouldn’t have been acceptable.

To those who research (formerly) classified operations and “mysteries in history”, it’s very hard but not impossible to get your hands on classified/restricted documents but it has been impossible to get eyes-only reports. Even when declassified, they look like this:

Secret doc black bars

This is just an unrelated example. But this would be the sort of document where you’d expect to find UFOs and Aliens explicitly mentioned. I wouldn’t be surprised if Mr. Snowden had access to some of these in a more readable format. Maybe he’s sensitive to the argument that revealing certain information could have a profoundly negative impact in the Status Quo of things.

That said, it doesn’t mean you can’t find intriguing information in declassified confidential/restricted documents. Actually, quite the contrary. You see, there’re resources, like naval resources, that can’t just be hidden and then there’re discrepancies. Most of them are almost obvious – some are actually obvious – when put in context, they’re as close as a “smoking gun” as we’re ever going to get. I’ll say this much: you won’t need to use your imagination to see that something’s not right in the upcoming posts related to Operation Highjump and Operation Argus.

Needle Eye

This notion is somewhat complex to explain (my fault, certainly) so I’ll make use of an example: the conspiracy theory involving the moon missions being a hoax, conducted by the US Government. Again, I have no reason to believe these were a hoax – I personally don’t think they were – plus this is not the focus of this study. I’m using this theory merely because it might be the best way to explain what “Needle Eye” is.

One of the justifications sensible people use to justify that the Apollo missions to the moon could have never been a hoax is because they involved hundreds of thousands of people and they couldn’t all be in on it. This looks like a solid argument – as solid as they come – and it might, on its own, resolve the discussion.

Except for one thing: Needle Eye.

There’s a huge Needle Eye in this mission. A weak point, a blind spot if you may. You see, there’s a moment in this mission when all these hundreds of thousands of people see is what is showing on their screens. Just imagine that the 3 astronauts, instead of going to the moon, just orbited the Earth for 8 days and then returned to Earth. To us down here, all the evidence we’ve got was low-quality video and, even upon their return and the times that followed, little more than that. Of course there were other moon missions and that would mean getting more people on board. It could take as little as 20 to 100 secret service personnel plus all the astronauts involved, each learning of the truth just days before the launch. Personally, it don’t think it happened like that but there was plenty of motive and justification to use all those means. And, in my opinion, it would have been feasible.

A similar situation could have happened in Operation Highjump. With all the people involved and the harsh environmental conditions in Antarctica, not all would have stood witness to what was going on (not at all times, at least) and, if there was in fact a hidden agenda – and all points that way – that could have easily been hidden from certain individuals, like reporters, since most were confined to the ships in which they were in. Plus most operations would have taken place a long way from where the expedition convoy was stationed.

Operation Highjump will be the subject of our next post from the series “III Reich in Antarctica: the key to unlocking the Future?”

I hope this information was helpful.

Previous posts on the subject:

Thank you.

Bruno De Marques

#thefutureneedsyou #futureman “Future Man” You guys ready for something different?

Analysis | German Expedition to Antarctica 1938/39 – Part 1

BOOK ANALYSIS / “Die Deutsche Antarktische expedition 1938/39 – Erster Band | Text Teil”, by Alfred Ritscher

I’d like to apologize in advance for such a long post. All I can say is: if you like the subject or simply enjoy a good “mystery in history”, I’m sure your patience will be rewarded.

The German book on which we’ll be conducting a brief analysis is considered to be one of the most important – to some, the most important – piece of evidence of the existence of a III Reich base in Antarctica. Although frequently mentioned in articles, videos and publications, it was never actually shown before, allowing for a lot of speculation on the matter. The reason I’ll be showing original documents is so that you may make your own research and make up your own mind on the subject.

All the documents and figures are gathered in the bottom, along with details of some of the charts

Its original German title is “Die Deutsche Antarktische expedition 1938/39 – Erster Band | Text Teil”, by Alfred Ritscher. In English, it means “The German Expedition to Antarctica 1938/1939, Volume I, Text section.”

Led by Alfred Ritscher, a Kriegsmarine captain (Fig. 7 and 7.a), this expedition visited the western part of what is now known as Dronning Maud Land. The Kriegsmarine was the German naval high command.


Let’s start with the book’s cover (Fig. 1). It looks harmless enough, wouldn’t you say? It has that propaganda-feel from several publications of the time. Here probably meaning that the expedition made it possible to observe and film penguins in their natural habitat, instead of in some zoo.


Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 show the first pages of the book. I’m not going to address them. The reason they’re shown here is because they often provide elements that allow for further study to those who might be interested.

Slide2 Slide3

It’s in Fig. 5 that this publication shows the “wolf” beneath its “sheep’s clothing”: none other than Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring himself. If you never heard of this man, (you probably should go back to watching photoshoped videos from UFOs. Just kidding. Not really.) you should know he was the second-most powerful man in III Reich Germany, second only to Adolf Hitler, and commander-in-chief of the Luftwaffe (air force).


The “sceptics” on these matters (and I mean this in the most respectful way) say:

  • The expedition arose out of concerns within the German government about the future of the German whaling industry.
  • At that time, whaling was an important activity supplying oil, lubricants, glycerine, margarine and other essential products.
  • Germany’s investment in the industry was substantial and its whaling fleet comprised fifty whale-catchers and seven factory ships by the time this expedition took place.
  • A secret expedition was therefore planned to claim a piece of Antarctica for Germany, and to find there a place suitable for a base for the German whaling fleet.

And, apparently, according to Fig. 6, the sceptics are right. The book’s introduction confirms the mission’s goals with little room for misinterpretation. And that could be the end of it.


But is this the right approach? To read such a book and simply take it at “face value”? Let’s take a closer look.

One of the little aspects that caught me by surprise was that, apparently, there were no swastikas in this book. I mean, it’s a 1939 expedition. There were swastikas everywhere in Germany those days. Here, I had to use a magnifying glass to find one (Fig. 11.c). One can only speculate as to why.


Another of the not-so-little aspects I found interesting was the way the name “Hermann Göring” is portrayed (Fig. 5):

  • It’s given a full page
  • It’s the largest font/lettering type used in the book – surely not by “artistic” choice from the publisher but to convey his weight and/or involvement in the matter

This is not a very common thing, if you’re wondering. In my opinion, Hermann Göring’s “big stamp” in this publication indicates his endorsement and represents a valid clue to his personal involvement in the initiative.

So, again, is this the sort of publication we should take at “face value”? That would mean ignoring that this book was published by a regime that:

  • To bypass the Versailles Treaty (1919) that prohibited a German air force – and since there were no limitations in it regarding gliding – soon after his appointment as chancellor (1933), Hitler started a program called the Flieger, within the Hitler Youth organization (HJ). In the early 1930s, gliding became a national sport, encouraged by the Nazi party as a patriotic activity. Thus when Hitler formally announced the creation of the Luftwaffe (1935), a program was in place that was producing recruits with aeronautical experience for the Luftwaffe, the new air force. Its leader: Hermann Göring.
  • Again against the Versailles Treaty, formed the Luftwaffe‍ ’​s Condor Legion (July, 1936) that fought during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). It’s a known fact that the conflict became a testing ground for new doctrines and aircraft. As a result, the Luftwaffe grew to become one of the most sophisticated, technologically advanced and battle-experienced air forces in the world, when war began in Europe in September, 1939. Its leader: Hermann Göring.
  • After the WW2 ended, Hermann Göring was judged for several war crimes, including the plundering and removal to Germany of works of art and other property.

So, basically, we’re talking about taking this book at “face value” and simply forgetting its context, namely the man behind it, Hermann Göring, and the Nazi regime – which would shake hands with diplomats “in one day” and invade their countries “on the next.”, not to mention the horror of the Holocaust. A regime that could be defined by its many “hidden agendas” and deceptive tactics.

So instead of trusting every word these gentleman wrote, perhaps it’d be a wiser move to check if what they were actually doing in Antarctica is 100% consistent with “finding a place suitable for a base for the German whaling fleet”.

Summarizing what we’ve learned so far: In 1939, the same year Germany would start the most global, the most devastating war the world had ever seen, Hermann Göring, the second-most powerful man in the III Reich, sends an expedition, led by a Kriegsmarine captain, to one of the most remote locations in the planet, Antarctica – and the explanation provided for it is securing whale hunting quotas? Now that makes a lot of sense.

When it comes to hiding an agenda, I’d say they did a much better job in hiding air force pilot-training by using gliders and making the best of the Spanish civil war to test their aircraft.

Let’s take a closer look at what the III Reich was doing “down” there. According to the book:

  • By way of aerial photography and dropping markers from airplanes (Fig. 8 and 9), the German mapped, marked and claimed an area of more than 250,000 km2 which they named Neu-Schwabenland (Fig. 11, a. through l.) Just so you have an idea of how much land that is, think Greece, Portugal and Ireland combined. It seems a little too much, considering the goal was to establish “a base for the German whaling fleet” …


  • In this area, they discovered a new mountain range more than 800 km long and 3,000 m high (Fig. 4), about 200 km inland from the coast. Considering they were looking for a place to establish “a base for the German whaling fleet”, unless they had “flying whaling ships” or found a way to get there by sea or underwater: going – at least – 200 km inland (over 120 miles) would be rather pointless and surely off-mission.


  • It is said that the German found “warm lakes” in this expedition. I could probably find evidence of that in this book if I understood German but I don’t, so I can’t honestly say anything about it except that this claim is often dismissed by the sceptics over the fact that there’s no recorded geothermal or seismic activity in Antarctica. Based on this, they say that:
    • Without geothermal activity, keeping a long-term manned base in the region would be unsustainable
    • Without these, the claims regarding long underwater tunnels or rifts that would connect the shore to regions further inland made no sense
    • Without these, the claims over the existence of tall caves underground made no sense


But recent studies show exactly the opposite and these are easy to find. But there’s no need to go all the way to the present to dismiss what the sceptics are saying. In 1947, U.S. Operation Highjump (the subject of the next post in this series), in as early as the first volume of its official report, confirms the existence of warm water in Bunger Lakes. These lakes are a long way from Dronning Maud Land, sure, but this discovery proves nearly irrevocably that there is geothermal activity in Antarctica, contrary to the sceptics’ allegations and, with that, all the aforementioned claims, from long underwater tunnels or rifts to tall underground caves or even the possibility of a full-fledged III Reich base in the region can no longer be summarily dismissed. Quite the contrary, actually. The place seems to be getting more appealing by the year. But we will get to that in the next post.



If this book is not enough evidence of the III Reich’s interest in Antarctica, the next item should shed additional light on the matter. An object as harmless as they come: a German school globe. If you look closely at fig. 14.a, you will see that Neu-Schwabenland is formally represented in Antarctica.


Why is this relevant? It goes to show that Neu-Schwabenland was much more than a territory claimed for whale hunting purposes only. Since it appears in a school globe, this could indicate that, at some point, it was in fact considered a German state, like Hesse, Thuringia, Bavaria or any other of Germany’s 16 states, and taught to German students.


Since the book is not very helpful in establishing an actual motive for the III Reich’s interest in Antarctica, some speculation is required. I hate to speculate because that’s what got us into this disinformation-mess in the first place, constantly bordering the ridicule. This is a subject that deserves to be taken very seriously, as by now you might have begun to realize.

Let’s call it “grounded-speculation” and move on, one small-but-sure step at a time


Germany is one of the most industrialized countries in the world. And so is Japan. But there’s one aspect beyond their control that will always hinder their efforts: the lack of natural resources in their territories, more specifically, natural energy resources. That fact has always been a sort of “bottleneck”, both in hard times and even in the best of times. And, to nations with such high “self-esteem” such as Germany and Japan, knowing that no matter how hard they work, they can never overcome it, has been a humbling and probably even vexing experience.

If you’re wondering why most hybrid cars or experimental energy sources in this context came from Germany and Japan, there’s your answer.

The United States had a similar issue, not because it lacked natural energy resources but because it consumed over 10 times what it had. Hence all the wars in the Middle East, aiding and invading countries which, incidentally, would singe-handily solve all U.S. energy needs (like, say, Iraq). But that was until the early 2000s. Coal Liquefaction is changing all that.

  • COAL LIQUEFACTION is a process that converts coal from a solid state into liquid fuels, usually to provide substitutes for petroleum products. Coal liquefaction processes were first developed in the early part of the 20th century but later application was hindered by the relatively low price and wide availability of crude oil and natural gas. But the tightening of worldwide oil reserves caused the price of oil to escalate, making coal liquefaction a very lucrative option.
  • COAL LIQUEFACTION IN WORLD WAR 2 One of the main methods of direct conversion of coal to liquids by hydrogenation process is the “Bergius Process”, developed by German chemist Friedrich Bergius in 1913 (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1931). After World War 1 several plants based on this technology were built in Germany. These plants were extensively used during World War 2 to supply Germany with fuel and lubricants.



One of the great advantages in studying past events, when comparing with present events is that you always know what happens next. Or, in the very least, it’s a little easier to find leads based on what you know happened next.

As I said before, there aren’t many clues as for the real motive that lead Germany to put together an Expedition to Antarctica in 1938/1939 and claim a huge piece of that Continent. But, in 1947 – only 8 years later – the U.S. organized operation Highjump with Admiral Byrd acting as Officer-in-Charge of the Project. Highjump’s objectives were widely publicised at the time. Byrd gave an interview (surprisingly, you’ll find it on YouTube) where he explained that Antarctica was very rich in terms of natural resources and specifically used coal as an example.

Let’s make a short stop for a quick assessment on the situation: the year is 1939. Germany is about to initiate a war in that same year that we now know will have several battle fronts. In the beginning, they favoured the “Blitzkrieg” (fast attacks by grounds forces, mainly tanks). If you ran a country that had no natural energy resources – a critical issue even in peaceful times – and you were about to start a war of planetary proportions, with fuel-consuming tanks, battleships, submarines and all sorts of aircraft, thousands of these and on multiple fronts, – not to mention the energy consumed by the factories that produced those vehicles: among all the priorities you would have – and there’d be many in 1939 – what could be the most plausible reason that would lead Germany to Antarctica?

The answer must be energy. Natural energy resources, more specifically. Think for a minute: what else could it be?

Challenge of the day: has anyone bothered to do the math on how much energy (liquid fuel, coal, electricity …) Germany spent during WW2 and, afterwards, managed to establish its provenance accurately? I wouldn’t be surprised if there was a “story” there.

So basically, the only speculation being made here is that it is a possibility that what the III Reich was looking for in Antarctica, at this junction, was to:

  • Find natural energy resources, possibly coal, since they needed it for their war-factories, trains, producing electricity, etc and were already able to turn it into liquid fuel;
  • Gather geothermal activity data: this would be very important when considering maintaining a long-term presence in the territory and the related seismic activity could mean the coal reserves would be found closer to the surface, allowing for easier mining;
  • Establish a base, not for the “German whaling fleet” but dedicated to coal mining. And it would necessarily be a large facility.

This is as far as I will go because I believe there’s simply no more ground for further speculation.


Perhaps you’d like to know that there’s a second book of the same series. It seems to be some sort of Appendix, showing charts and pictures of the German Expedition to Antarctica in 1938/1939. I never found any reference to it anywhere – nor to its tale-telling charts – which has led me to believe that there’s a lot of people, including interested parties, that may never have learned of its existence. It sort of felt like an “answer page”, the kind you find at the end of a child’s playbook.

Its title: “Die Deutsche Antarktische expedition 1938/39 – Erster Band | Bilder | Und Kartenteil”, the last part meaning “Map and picture section.”

I’ll be addressing it in the last post of this series, post nº5, which is affectionately called “The X never marks the spot.”


If this whole story wasn’t challenging enough for you, wrap your head around this:

The German school globe presented earlier, featuring the German “state” of Neu-Schwabenland in Antarctica (Fig. 14 and 14.a.): it’s actually post-war, probably from the 1960s.

Yeah. And to think we’re still warming up.



– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Coming next, on August 27th: Operation Highjump, by the U.S. Navy.

    • “Report of Operation Highjump; U.S. Navy Antarctic Development Project 1947”, by the US Navy. 1947. Washington DC. Brief analysis of all 5 volumes, relevant pages and contextualization.
    • Admiral Byrd’s interview by Lee Van Atta (one of the US reporters on Highjump), newspaper article published in “El Mercurio” (Santiago, Chile), March 5, 1947. Brief newspaper-excerpt analysis, namely on the statements made and contextualization.


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New post category | ‘Antarctica: The key to ‘the Future’?


As promised, I will spend the next few posts (the next 4, to be exact) showing how it is not possible to dismiss completely the existence of an advanced scientific research center of the III Reich in the Antarctica. And that, existing such a facility, it could have been active long after the end of World War 2.

The reason for this exposition is: in the upcoming Future Man novel, this advanced research center is the key to unlocking ‘the future’ once promised to us. Much like it happened in the end of WW2 (1945), with both Americans and Soviets trying to get their hands on the best minds from III Reich Germany and, with their help, starting their space programs.

I’d like to make it abundantly clear that I do not have any sympathy for the ideologies of the III Reich. Quite the opposite, as it will become obvious in the first 100 pages of the novel.


Although the documents mentioned below will probably mean very little to the ‘uninitiated’, perhaps the first thing you should know about them is that they’re considered of extreme importance, the ‘smoking guns’ in this matter. Still, and although they’re often mentioned, they were never actually shown and the information usually arrives via second hand testimonials. Here, for the first time, you will have access to these documents and see what they actually look like, in real life. And, with it, the chance to make your own mind, based on what you see.

This exposition will include 4 posts on this site, every Thursday, on the following dates.

20-Aug: III Reich’s presence in Antarctica

  • “Die Deutsche Antarktische expedition 1938/39 – Volume 1: Erster Band | Text Teil”, by Alfred Ritscher. Book analysis, relevant pages and contextualization.
  •  A German school globe, 20th century. Brief analysis.

27-Aug: Operation HighJump, by the U.S. Navy

  • “Report of Operation Highjump; U.S. Navy Antarctic Development Project 1947”, by the US Navy. 1947. Washington DC. Brief analysis of all 5 volumes, relevant pages and contextualization.
  • Admiral Byrd’s interview by Lee Van Atta (one of the US reporters on Highjump), newspaper article published in “El Mercurio” (Santiago, Chile), March 5, 1947. Brief newspaper-excerpt analysis, namely on the statements made and contextualization.

3-Sep: Operation Argos, by the Defense Nuclear Agency

  • “Operation Argos 1958. US atmospheric nuclear weapons tests. Nuclear test personnel review” by the Defense Nuclear Agency as Executive Agency for the Department of Defense. Brief document analysis, relevant pages and contextualization.
  • “The Antarctic Treaty”, Signed at Washington December 1, 1959. Brief document analysis, relevant pages and contextualization.

10-Set: “The ‘X’ never marks the spot.”

  • “Die Deutsche Antarktische expedition 1938/39 – Volume II: Erster Band | Bilder | Und Kartenteil”, by Alfred Ritscher. Book analysis, relevant pages and contextualization.
  • Final conclusions



Credit for this work should go to historical researcher Rainer Daehnhardt and the documentation he gathered in 30 years of research, culminating with the recognition of his efforts by Cambridge, considering him one of the top scientists of 2005. My contribution is merely expanding on his findings, with knowledge I’ve acquired over the years.

Along with showing never-published-before documentation, we’re also going to briefly bring in a couple of firsthand testimonials from credible sources but, of course, since these are not verifiable (by you), it’s up to the reader to choose to believe in them or not. These will be few and far apart and although they are important while trying to fill-in-the-blanks, they are not critical to the main claim.

Main claim

The main claim of this study, very conservatively put, is: “It’s impossible to dismiss completely the hypothesis of the existence of an advanced scientific research center of the III Reich in the Antarctica and that, existing such a facility, it could have been active long after the end of World War 2.”

Thank you.

Bruno De Marques